Granite is possibly one of the most desirable natural stones today when it comes to construction. Defined as an igneous rock, the material is very hard yet brittle – the hardest natural stone out in the market today. Granite is easily recognizable due to the very visible crystals on the surface. This is attributed to the fact that the cooling rate for the material is very slow during formation, hence giving the crystals time to form. Granite is known for its ability to resist most chemicals. As for hardness, it is rated from 7 to 8 at the MOH scale which means it can be tough to scratch. This hardness characteristic makes granite very useful in a variety of ways including, but not limited to the following:
- Granite is most commonly seen as flooring due to their scratch-resistance state.
- They can also be used as tombstones due to their resistance to the elements.
- Often used as kitchen worktops due to heat resistance.
- Used as building blocks.
- Can also be seen as small sculptures or even as paper weights.
Types of Granite Available
There are basically three types of granite finish out in the market right now. The first type is polished granite commonly seen in tombstones. These are hard and capable of reflecting light, therefore giving them that “bright” quality. The next type is honed granite which offers a smooth surface just like the polished material. However, this doesn’t reflect light, making it ideal for kitchen countertops or even as flooring. The fact that they don’t scratch easily is also an added feature, ensuring that the floor always looks impeccably new. The last type is a rough finish which makes it ideal for the outdoors.
Repair and Restoration of Granite
Due to the incredible hardness and durability of granite, it isn’t surprising how this material doesn’t require much care and maintenance. Note though that granite isn’t immune to cracking, so it’s important to be careful with its use.
- A protective sealer will work best for granite, allowing it to resist most stains. For best results, individuals are advised to clean up spills as soon as they occur. Natural stone can be porous and seep in liquid material when left unattended.
- Granite can be incredibly tough and does not scratch easily even when other materials are placed on top of it. It can crack however, therefore making it necessary for users to limit the force or pressure they expose the material on.
- It’s advisable not to use acidic cleaners on granite. Vinegar, ammonia and other general cleaning supplies should be avoided.
Even with a hardy surface, granite still needs professional attention every now and then. Individuals are advised to contact natural stone polishing professionals whenever the shine of their granite materials start to fade away. Professionals have the necessary equipment to restore the granite back to its former glory. They are also capable of fixing the cracks and stubborn spots on the material. Note that daily maintenance of granite can help extend the time between restorations.